Top 51 Windows Server Administration Interview Questions & Answers (Important)

Do you have a Windows Server Administration interview coming up? The task of administering the Server operating systems is known as Windows Server Administration. The Windows server must be installed and configured, as well as user groups and access permissions. If an issue arises during installation, it should be addressed. The administrator is in charge of the entire installation and ensuring that the server is operational. The server should be updated for any upgrades or releases. People with administrative experience are in short supply. This technology is in high demand on the market. This technique has numerous applications. You will get the job if you have a good understanding of how the process works. To help you prepare for your interview, TechOnlineTips has framed Windows Server Administration interview questions and answers.

Windows Server Administration Interview Questions & Answers

Q.1) Explain what is Windows Server?

Answer: Microsoft Corporation has developed a series of server operating systems known as Window Server.

Q.2) Explain in windows DNS server what is Primary, Secondary and Stub zone?

Answer:  

  • Primary Zone: The file is saved as a normal text file with filename in the Windows DNS server (.dns).
  • Secondary Zone: On another DNS server, it keeps a read-only copy of the zone database. It also serves as a backup server for the primary server, allowing for fault tolerance and load balancing.
  • Stub Zone: This zone contains a duplicate of the name server and SOA records and is used to reduce DNS search orders.

Q.3) Explain what does IntelliMirror do?

Answer:  IntelliMirror helps users in reconciling desktop settings, apps, and saved files, particularly for individuals who travel between workstations or work offline.

Q.4) How do you install an app when the MSI file is not available?

Answer: Using the Software Installer to install the application.

Instead of using the Windows installation, a ZAP text file can be used.

Q.5) How do you set up a remote installation procedure without allowing the user access?

Answer: Go to Gponame > User Configuration > Windows Settings > Remote Installation Services > Choice Options to do so.

Q.6) What does “tattooing” the Registry indicate?

Answer: “Tattooing” the register means that the user can change and examine user preferences that aren’t saved in the registry’s maintained sections. The user choice will continue in the registry even if the group policy is altered or withdrawn.

Q.7) How many different types of queries does DNS manage?

Answer: DNS performs the following sorts of queries: • Iterative Query • Recursive Query

Q.8) What is the main objective of the domain controller?

Answer: The domain controller’s primary job is to validate users’ access to networks, as well as to offer a catalogue of Active Directory Objects.

Q.9) When configuring TCP/IP on a Window Server, what information is required?

Answer: You must give the IP address and subnet mask when configuring a TCP/PI client for an IPv4 client.

Q.10) In terms of DNS, what does it mean to cache only one server?

Answer: The caching-only DNS server responds to queries with information based on the data in its DNS cache.

Q.11) Explain how to set up the DHCP server so that it assigns the same IP address to specific devices each time the address is changed.

Answer: You can make a reservation for the device to configure the DHCP server. To make a reservation, you’ll need to know the device’s MAC hardware address. You can use the ipconfig or nbstat command line utilities to find out a network device’s MAC address.

Q.12) What is LDAP and how does it work?

Answer: The internet protocol is used by e-mail and other programmes to look up information from the server. LDAP, or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol, is the name of this protocol.

Q.13) What is the SYSVOL folder?

Answer: It’s a collection of files and directories that are stored on each domain controller’s local hard disc and replicated by the FRS (File Replication Service). These files contain group or user policy information.

Q.14) Describe the difference between a thread and a computer process.

Answer:

  • Computer Process: A process is a type of computer program that is performed sequentially by a computer system that can run many computer programs at the same time.
  • Thread: A thread is a collection of executable programs that run as a single process. For example, one thread may convey an error message to the user, while another handles error signals, and a third thread performs the original action.

Q.15) What exactly is an INODE?

Answer: INODE is a pointer to a block on the disc that is unique, and it holds the metadata of files.

In simple terms, it is a one-of-a-kind number assigned to a file in a UNIX-like operating system.

Q.16) What does RAID mean in Windows Server?

Answer: RAID, or Redundant Array of Independent Disks, is used to store the same data in many locations. It’s an approach for increasing storage capacity while also increasing fault tolerance. It lets you to consolidate one or more volumes on separate drives so that they may be accessible by a single drive letter.

Q.17) What are the advantages of using local DNS servers?

Answer: A local DNS server is responsible for translating fully qualified domain names to IP addresses on a local level. Local DNS servers can send record information to distant DNS servers to resolve remote requests linked to domain names on your network.

Q.18) What are the two command line utilities that may be used to examine TCP/IP setups and IP connectivity?

Answer:

ipconfig: The command ipconfig can be used to check the computer’s IP configuration, as well as to renew the client’s IP address if it is provided by a DHCP server.

Ping: The ping command is used to check the connectivity between the local computer and any other computer device on the network.

Q.19) Can you tell me if you can connect Active Directory to other 3rd party directory services?

Answer: Yes, other vendor’s directory services can be connected to the Microsoft version. To connect to other directories, use dirXML or LDAP.

Q.20) Describe the location of the AD database.

Answer: The AD database is saved in %systemroot%/ntds.

Types of files that control the AD structure.

  •            ntds.dit
  •             edb.log
  •             res1.log
  •             res2.log
  •             edn.chk

Continue for >>>> Windows Server Administration Interview Questions & Answers

Q.21) On a local server, what is the primary difference between NTFS (New Technology File System) and FAT (File Allocation Table)?

Answer: FAT (File Allocation Table) and FAT32 provide protection for local users, whereas NTFS (New Technology File System) provides security for both domain and local users. File level security is provided by NTFS, which is not achievable with FAT32.

Q.22) Name the service in Windows Server 2008 that is used to install client operating systems via the network.

Answer: WDE (Windows Deployment Services) allows you to install client and server operating systems to any device with a PXE enabled network interface throughout the network.

Q.23) What Are the Responsibilities of a System Administrator?

Answer: The role of System Administrator varies based on the organization. Installing, supporting, and managing servers and computers are the three basic tasks of a System Administrator.

  • Patches and OS updates should be installed.
  • Review System logs access administration
  • Access administration for users
  • Disaster recovery planning
  • Comply with password requirements
  • Creating and Restoring system backups
  • Access control
  • System audit logging

Q.24) What Is the Different In Windows Server Versions?

Answer: The different versions of Windows servers are as follows:

  • Windows Server 2003 (2003)
  • Windows Server 2003 R2 (2005)
  • Windows Server 2008 (2008)
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 (2009)
  • Windows Server 2012 (2012)
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 (2013)
  • Windows Server 2016  (2016)
  • Windows Server 2019 (2018)

Q.25) What Are the Different Roles In Windows Server?

Answer: The different responsibilities in a Windows server are as follows:

  • Active Directory Certificate Services (ADCS)
  • Active Directory Domain Services (ADDS)
  • Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS)
  • Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (ADLDS)
  • Active Directory Rights Management Services (ADRMS)
  • Application Server
  • DHCP Server
  • DNS Server
  • FAX Server
  • File and Storage Services
  • Hyper-V
  • Print and Document Services
  • Network Policy and Access Services
  • Remote Access
  • Remote Desktop Services
  • Volume Activation Services
  • Web Server (IIS)
  • Windows Deployment Services (WDS)
  • Windows Server Update Services (WSUS)

Q.26) What Is DNS (Domain Name System)?

Answer: The Domain Naming System (DNS) translates IP addresses to hostnames (domain names) and vice versa.

Q.27) What Is DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)?

Answer: DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) assists in the automatic assignment of IP addresses over a network with a defined scope.

Q.28) What are the Different Types Of FSMO Roles?

Answer: There are five different FSMO roles:

  • Infrastructure master
  • Relative ID (RID) master
  • Schema master
  • Domain naming master
  • Primary Domain Controller (PDC)

Q.29) What Is Active Directory?

Answer: Active Directory is a directory service provided by Microsoft for use on Windows systems. Active directory is a centralised database that contains information on people, computers, networks, printers, and other items.

Q.30) What Do Forests, Trees, And Domains Mean?

Answer: In Active Directory, domain, tree, and forest are logical structures.

A domain is a group of computers, users, and objects that share a common Active Directory and have trust connections.

A tree is a collection of one or more domains arranged in a tree.

The forest is the top level of the Active Directory hierarchy. It is made up of several trees that share a global catalogue.

Q.31) What Is a Domain Controller, and What Does It Do?

Answer: Domain Controller is a security authentication system for people, computers, and other devices in Windows-based operating systems. It’s a central database that stores user account information and enforces security. For example, DC can assist in determining whether users are allowed or denied access to a specific folder within a domain.

Q.32) What is Hyper-V and how does it work?

Answer: Hyper-V is a Microsoft virtualization solution that allows you to create several virtual machines on a single physical server, lowering hardware costs and increasing efficiency.

Q.33) What Is LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)?

Answer: The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) is an acronym for Lightweight Directory Access Protocol. The directory services are similar to a database in that they store computers, users, objects, and other information, and they allow you to add, remove, and update computer objects in the directory.

Q.34) What Is WDS?

Answer: Windows Deployment Services helps in the installation of the Windows operating system (OS) via a network.

Q.35) What is Windows Server Update Services (WSUS)?

Answer: Microsoft introduced Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) to manage the distribution of updates in the Windows environment.

Q.36) What Exactly Is PowerShell?

Answer: Microsoft created Windows PowerShell, which is a command-line shell. PowerShell main aim is to automate administrative chores on both local and remote Windows PCs. The.NET Framework is used to create PowerShell.

Q.37) What Exactly Is Replication?

Answer: In Active Directory, replication is a procedure that maintains domain controllers in sync with each other via the network.

Q.38) What Exactly Is Schema?

Answer: A schema is a master database that holds all of the information about an Active Directory item.

Q.39) What is the Trust Relationship?

Answer: A trust relationship enables access across domains or forests.

Q.40) What is a Server Manager?

Answer: It is a Windows Server utility tool for administrators to manage server roles (such as adding and removing server roles).

Q.41) What is Windows Server 2019 and how does it differ from previous versions?

Answer: The operating system Windows Server 2019 is used to connect on-premises environments to Azure services. This,

To begin with, it allows for hybrid scenarios to maximise existing investments.

Second, take use of the operating system’s numerous levels of security to improve security and reduce business risk.

Finally, Hyper-converged Architecture aids in the evolution of data centre infrastructure for increased efficiency and scale (HCI).

Finally, it assists developers and IT professionals in the development of cloud-native applications employing containers and micro services.

Q.42) What distinguishes Windows Server 2019 from previous versions?

Answer: For starters, Windows Server 2019 includes a Storage Migration Service that assists with inventorying and transferring data, security, and configurations from legacy systems to Windows Server 2019.

Second, it supports the synchronisation of file servers with Azure. In Azure Files, you can gather an organization’s file shares while maintaining the flexibility and performance of an on-premises file server.

Finally, it aids in the native integration of local predictive analytics capabilities into Windows Server. These forecasts are powered by a machine learning model that analyses Windows Server system data locally to provide high-accuracy predictions for lowering operational costs.

It connects to Azure virtual networks via an Azure network adaptor.

Following that, it offers cluster-wide monitoring, cluster sets for forming big clusters, and Precision Time Protocol (PTP).

Finally, it offers VM protection, which aids in the replication of workloads operating on VMs from one location to another.

Q.43) What will you do if an HTTP monitor alerts you that a website is down and you have access to the port through telnet?

Answer: If the web page is up, I’ll first figure out what’s wrong with the monitor. Other problems include flapping or system saturation.

Q.44) Create a backup plan for your Windows server.

Answer: Windows Server Backup, which acts as a recycling bin tool in Active Directory, was released for Windows 2008. This provides you with a wide range of options for backing up data on your computer. Furthermore, it gives you access to a significant quantity of data backup, which you can access via command lines and the administration panel.

Q.45) What exactly is KCC?

Answer: KCC is a built-in process that runs on all domain controllers and creates the Active Directory forest’s replication topology. This creates different replication topologies depending on whether replication is taking place within a site () or between sites (). It also has the ability to alter the topology dynamically in order to:

First and foremost, allowing for the addition of a new domain controller.

Second, existing domain controllers will be removed.

Finally, domain controllers are moved to and from sites.

Then there’s the issue of fluctuating expenses and timelines.

Finally, domain controllers that are momentarily unavailable or experiencing a problem.

Q.46) What is SID.

Answer: In Windows operating systems, a security identifier (SID) is a variable-length unique value used to identify a security concept.

Q.47) What exactly is EDB.Log?

Answer: This file is used to keep track of database transactions. When EDB.Log becomes full, it is renamed to EDB Num.log, where num can be any number starting with 1, such as EDB1.log.

Q.48) Define EDB.Che

Answer: This file is used to double-check data that hasn’t yet been written to a database. This file, on the other hand, contains the starting point for data that can be retrieved in the event of a failure.

Q.49) What does Res in Res1.log and Res2.log.

Answer: Res here stands for reserved transaction file which is used to give the transaction log file adequate time to shut down if the disc runs out of capacity.

Q.50) What exactly is the Dora process?

Answer: DORA is an acronym for “discover, request, offer, and acknowledgement.” It is, however, used to assign an IP address to the client’s computers automatically.

Q.51) Define the concept of group nesting.

Answer: This refers to the process of incorporating one group into another. It also aids in easy management and traffic repetition reduction.

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